nécessaire], mais les détenus persévèrent dans leur combat pendant cinq ans. Sands became the youngest MP at the time. [20] The cells contained a bed, a mattress, a chamber pot and a water container. « Ils n'ont rien dans leur arsenal impérial tout entier qui puisse briser l'esprit d'un Irlandais si celui-ci ne veut pas être brisé » (They have nothing in their whole imperial arsenal that can break the spirit of one Irishman who doesn't want to be broken), « Notre vengeance sera le rire de nos enfants. In the Portuguese Parliament, the opposition stood for Sands. He chose to take his own life. [38], The New Jersey General Assembly, the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature, voted 34–29 for a resolution honouring his "courage and commitment. This event, by Sands' own admission, proved to be the point at which he realised peaceful coexistence with the local Protestants was no longer possible and decided that counter-militancy was the only answer. Peu de temps après le début de cette grève de la faim, le député républicain de Fermanagh and South Tyrone Frank Maguire  meurt, ce qui donne lieu à une élection anticipée. [21], Following Sands's success, the British Government introduced the Representation of the People Act 1981 which prevents prisoners serving jail terms of more than one year in either the UK or the Republic of Ireland from being nominated as candidates in British elections. Les romans Mon traître et Retour à Killybegs de Sorj Chalandon abordent également ce sujet. Il est également présenté au Festival d’Édimbourg, au Festival de Londres (où il reçoit le Prix du meilleur film de l’année) puis au Festival de Dublin. Robert Gerard "Bobby" Sands (9 March 1954 - 5 May 1981) was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who died on hunger strike while imprisoned at HM Prison Maze in Northern Ireland. Le 1er mars 1976, un décret du gouvernement travailliste de James Callaghan abroge le statut spécial d'incarcération, favorable, créé en 1972 pour les prisonniers républicains nord-irlandais. Republican prisoners organised a series of protests seeking to regain their previous Special Category Status which would free them from some ordinary prison regulations. [44] The conservative-aligned West German newspaper Die Welt took a negative view towards Sands. Bobby Sands Trust: Military service; Allegiance: Provisional IRA: Years of service: 1972–1981: Unit: First Battalion South West Belfast, Belfast Brigade: Battles/wars: The Troubles: He was the leader of the 1981 hunger strike in which Irish republican prisoners protested against the removal of Special Category Status. Le groupe de rock celtique Soldat Louis lui a rendu hommage à travers le titre Bobby Sands, présent sur son 3e album Auprès de ma bande (1993)[9].

This began with the "blanket protest" in 1976, in which the prisoners refused to wear prison uniform and wore blankets instead. Sands was a member of this club and played left-back. Vanwege het grote aantal gevangenen in die tijd, startte men met de bouw van de ‘H-blokken’.[bron?] Bobby Sands abandonne rapidement l'école et entreprend un apprentissage de carrossier. L’annonce de sa mort provoqua de nombreuses émeutes dans les quartiers nationalistes en Irlande du Nord. Denis O'Hearn a écrit la plus complète des biographies sur Bobby Sands Bobby Sands, jusqu'au bout (titre original: Nothing But An Unfinished Song). Flackes and Sydney Elliott, "Northern Ireland: A Political Directory" (Blackstaff Press, Belfast, 1999), at p. 550, notes that at the 1981 District Council elections on 20 May 1981, "the results showed a decline in support for centre parties".



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