[49], Article 21 of the constitution is a fundamental right, which states that "No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law". Roberts, P 2011, Effective project management, Kogan Page, London. Not all emerging technologies are important to an organization. Environmental protection is the practice of protecting the natural environment by individuals, organizations and governments. China's investment in renewable energy grew 18% in 2007 to $15.6 billion, accounting for ~10% of the global investment in this area; In 2008, spending on the environment was 1.49% of GDP, up 3.4 times from 2000; The discharge of CO (carbon monoxide) and SO2 (sulfur dioxide) decreased by 6.61% and 8.95% in 2008 compared with that in 2005; China's protected nature reserves have increased substantially. Various agencies have come out strongly to oppose the emerging technologies. %���� Home > Environment > Environmental Conservation Project Management. However, this threat has been minimized by introducing other responsibilities for the project, and the invitation of the whole society to participate. The subject of environmental protection is present in fiction as well as non-fictional literature. Almost 40% of the land has been established into a network of protected areas, including several national parks. The project should be analyzed based on the existing internal and external factors. }t�~�5mf�S_���r��͏�@Cn��~}g��������#�(8�V��܄��-5ʖ�HK���+���JX� G̑_�+���"�%&�R���uN2[L1��)/��""e��ED�eò�"zr��E�fr��*3q�U� �ƭ��c�>"�g��}\'x8��þc���th�&Xz�� i��m�7�N�.���U�v�Fj��S�Z��n /$�Y���vV�KC����90���L9��TK�� e����YT�d�n�t��,�l����� L�� ����Gʘ��ToQ�a����t���mox���i�7|�ú�Yh!2V�. [9] In the year 1948, Serengeti has officially established the first national park for wild cats in East Africa. It would have a competitive advantage in the market as a company that is concerned with the welfare of the society. Environmental planning, education, and guidance, Monitoring, analyzing and reporting on the environment, Regulating Ireland's greenhouse gas emissions. (b) To implement strict restrictions on export of rare plants and animals. The EPA has a wide range of functions to protect the environment, with its primary responsibilities including:[16][full citation needed], The Middle Eastern countries become part of the joint Islamic environmental action, which was initiated in 2002 in Jeddah. In 1983 the State Council announced that environmental protection would be one of China's basic national policies and in 1984 the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) was established. Convenient and economical way as only supportive role is being played. This is because they will view this firm as one that helps in conserving the environment. [13] Thus, as stated earlier, environmental management is a field of study dedicated to understanding human-environment interactions and the application of science and common-sense to solving problems. [26], In 2008, there was 98,487,116 ha of terrestrial protected area, covering 12.8% of the land area of Australia. Three decades later, at the beginning of the 1970s, the Law to Prevent and Control Environmental Pollution was created (Ley para Prevenir y Controlar la Contaminación Ambiental). Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2003. Lewis, J 2006, Fundamentals of project management, American Management Association, New York. Emerging technologies continue to pose more threat to the environment. As per the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, the objectives of conservation of biodiversity are: (a) To increase public awareness through media, government agencies, NGOs, etc. However, this amount, and much more, would be recovered through increased sales by the firm. This will make this firm increase its market share. The world is increasingly getting competitive. The National Environment Management Council (NEMC) is an institution that was initiated when the National Environment Management Act was first introduced in year 1983. This grew to 10.3% by 2002 and the economic loss from water pollution (6.1%) began to exceed that caused by air pollution. The team has the financial capacity to meet the obligations. Environmental Management: it’s Characteristics and Objectives of Environmental Management! They should be made to appreciate that they have a role to play in ensuring that the environment is kept clean. Goals: To improve the conservation of biodiversity through educational, scientific management and training programme; To improve the quality of life of the local community through management and conservation of natural resources; To ensure that the natural environment is used wisely and continues to be available for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations; To decrease … Through this, it would come to appreciate the importance of conducting the above process. China has been one of the top performing countries in terms of GDP growth (9.64% in the past ten years). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Plastics are non-biodegradable. Karamanos, P., Voluntary Environmental Agreements: Evolution and Definition of a New Environmental Policy Approach. Firms are faced with a difficult situation of having to deal with the dynamics in the corporate world. [13] However, the high economic growth has put immense pressure on its environment and the environmental challenges that China faces are greater than most countries. 3. Another book called The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury investigates issues such as bombs, wars, government control, and what effects these can have on the environment. [17], In August 2019, the Sultanate of Oman won the award for 2018–19 in Saudi Arabia, citing its project 'Verifying the Age and Growth of Spotted Small Spots in the Northwest Coast of the Sea of Oman'.[18]. This has seen most firms come with various projects that are geared towards achieving specific goals in this field. endobj [33], At a national level, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 is the primary environmental protection legislation for the Commonwealth of Australia. For China to develop sustainably, environmental protection should be treated as an integral part of its economic policies. In the industrial countries, voluntary environmental agreements often provide a platform for companies to be recognized for moving beyond the minimum regulatory standards and thus support the development of the best environmental practice. But all these aspects have been converged when the wider concept of environ­mental management has been emerged and also accepted as a tool for sustainable development. In 1987, the World Commission on Environment and Development has published a report Our Common Future emphasising the need for sustainable development and defined it as: “Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future genera­tions to meet their own needs”.

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