Autumn colours in Scotland I’m just back fr, One of the bonuses of this strange year is seeing, 2020's been the year of the staycation, and last w, From the Cotswolds to Cornwall, last week I headed, With all my original summer travel plans off the t, India comes to the Cotswolds – one of my most in, The bonus of being at home this summer has been ge, The neighbouring villages of Upper and Lower Slaug, A royal weekend in Windsor, England: A 48-hour itinerary, A weekend in Falmouth, Cornwall: A 48-hour itinerary. So today you will be able to discover even more about how the system was first started, get to learn about Aubriot, who was the designer of the first vaulted sewer, Eugene Belgrand, who was the engineer that was responsible for the current sewer network, and Baron Haussmann, who developed a way of separating the drinking water and the wastewater.

Victor Hugo spent about 50 pages of Les Misérables describing the sewers based on information he received from his friend Emmanuel Bruneseau. to See & Do in Paris, Planning

S ewers have been draining wastewater in Paris since the beginning of the 13th Century, when the city's streets were paved and drains were built on orders from Philippe Auguste, the king of France from 1180 to 1223. Thanks! Workers began arranging the old bones into shapes and decorations, such as hearts and circles, and lined the walls with skulls and various other ghastly remains.[8]. Although even the police were afraid to enter the sewers, Bruneseau did so, and along the way found lost medieval dungeons, jewels and the skeleton of an escaped orangutan. who have read Victor Hugo's Les Misérables or Tours are self-guided and take about an hour.

After buying your ticket at the ticket office on the surface, you descend down stairs to the large underground galleries.

One of the most iconic displays is known as the Barrel. It was Napoleon I who finally expanded the system to 30 km (19 miles) of vaulted tunnels in the early 1800s. In 1894, a law was enacted that required all waste to be sent to the sewers; the local saying at the time was that the city was completing its long transition from “tout à la rue” (all in the street) to “tout à l’égout” (all in the sewer). The Parisian sewers are a kind of mirror to the streets above. )[10] Traces of this bunker still remain today. The tunnels that make up the Paris sewer system are mostly quite large—almost the size of a subway tunnel. What’s more shocking is that the Nazis also had a presence within the Catacombs and built various bunkers (such as one beneath the Lycee Montaigne secondary school.



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